Current Issue

第 60 卷・第 3 期
發行於 九月, 2017

Mainland China's Unilateral Peace Diplomacy and the Relationality Model: Is Xi Jinping Articulating a New Strategy, or Just Playing Hu Jintao's Same Old Tune?

王宏仁(Hung-Jen Wang)

  Since the end of the Cold War, Chinese foreign policy has faced the dilemma between defending China's sovereignty and making compromises with the Western world: ensuring self-interests vs. making self-sacrifice. When Chinese President Xi Jinping vowed to rejuvenate the Chinese nation - "Chinese dream", he put forward an idea of forging a new model of major power relationship between China and the U.S. However, it remains in dispute whether President Xi's "Chinese dream", with the strategic direction known as fenfa youwei (striving for achievement), implies an intention to challenge U.S. power. This paper investigates China's new diplomacy, especially China's unilateral peace policy, and discusses whether and what is new about this diplomacy.

Why Security Dilemma in East Asia is Difficult to Mitigate? An Evolutionary Pattern of Anarchical Order and the Constraint of China's Rise

張雅君(Ya-Chun Chang)

  Current increasing tensions in the Korean Peninsula and South China Sea show that political and economic dimensions in East Asia diverge drastically and security dilemma remains acute. This article will re-examine the basic security dilemma hypothesis, which presumes an anarchical status of international community. Neo-realist, neo-liberalist and constructionist schools agree that an anarchical status does not mean chaotic orderlessness. Barry Buzan indicates that international anarchy will evolve itself into a more mature phase and thereby alleviate tension caused by security dilemma. Interdependence is widely regarded as an effective variable enabling this evolution. The problem then is that interdependence is not free from the constraint of real-political power logics. This constraint deepens as the contemporary nation-state system of world politics expands, and as the interaction between security structures of various regions exposes their differences. This article argues that the difficulty in alleviating tension in East Asian security dilemma is inherited from the regional anarchy based on the nation-state system since the end of WWII, and complicated by the balance of power East Asian states were accustomed to in insuring security during the Cold War. After the end of Cold War, China's rise deepens this dilemma and thus constrains the evolution of East Asian anarchy to maturity. China's swift rise apparently expands asymmetry of national strengths within the region, manifests animosity caused by differences in statehood, ideologies and territorial disputes, and thereby worsens the sense of insecurity in the region, including China itself. More importantly, China's rise cancels some effects of its alleged policy of amity towards its neighbors, leading to another dilemma in security strategic choices in the future.

Exploring the Developmental Nature of Micro-Financial Organizations in Rural China: A Case of Puhan Community in Shanxi

陳永生(Yong-Sheng Chen)

  It is generally believed that rural economic development requires financial support. According to China's past experience, the rural formal financial system seemed firmly established, but its performance was not effective. Broadly speaking, the financial deposit from rural sectors flows into urban and non-agricultural sectors. More specifically, farmers have hard times obtaining loans and face high interest rates. To solve this problem, Chinese authorities have attempted to gradually develop an informal institution by means of micro-financial organizations and cooperatives to improve the supply of rural finance. This article adopts the institutional evolutionary experience of Puhan Community in Shanxi and explores the developmental logic of rural microfinance through some performance changes by institution constraints.

Peng Zhen and the Great Leap Forward in the Beijing Municipality: Industrial and Agricultural Production and Urban Construction (1958~1960)

鍾延麟(Yen-Lin Chung)

  Before the Cultural Revolution erupted, Peng Zhen was one of the most influential central leaders of the Chinese Communist Party and a top official of the People's Republic of China's national capital. This article examines Peng Zhen's roles, policies and consequences during the Great Leap Forward (GLF) in the Beijing Municipality. The paper demonstrates that, like other local Party bureaucrats, Peng encouraged and set up the unrealistic grain production quotas and mobilized the local cadres to implement the steelmaking campaign in Beijing City. At the same time, he also considered the GLF to be a rare opportunity to facilitate local industrial development. Albeit succeeding in completing the "Ten Grand Buildings" at all costs to demonstrate the great achievements and spirit of the GLF, he carried out some controversial local building projects during the campaign. Consequently, Peng could not shirk responsibility for the adverse effects brought by the devastating campaign in Beijing.